Disease alert Season Transition

Change of seasons become an arena of certain diseases rampant. Find out what diseases are potentially in transition season!

When transition, not just dust or floods that made dizzy, tropical disease came. Well, to be more alert to the diseases in the transition season, dr. Adji Suranto SpA., From RS Usada Insani Tangerang, explain these diseases and how to prevent it.

(Respiratory Tract Infection)

At the time of transition rainy season to dry season, complaints ARI (upper respiratory infection) can suddenly bloom at all. Starting from rhinitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis to laryngitis. Generally, symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection can include fever, cough, runny nose or sneezing or sore throat.

According Adji ARI cases rampant in the early dry season, was follow the environmental changes that are the means conducive to the germs that cause ARI to multiply. In addition to ARI, allergic diseases such as asthma or rhinitis are also frequent. At the turn of the rainy season to dry season the valve is cold and dry and a lot of dust can also trigger asthma relapse.


The high volume of rainfall causes floods, the wind causes the dust flying, making the risk of contamination of food / drink by bacteria or parasites cause diarrhea increasing.

"Especially if the water used for washing dishes less hygienic, is certainly making germs easily enter our bodies," said Adji.

Bacterial infections, parasites, and viruses that enter the digestive tract through food / beverages are often diidap children and toddlers because the immune system is not optimal.

Do not underestimate the diarrhea. If the child has a bowel movement that is too liquid continuously, should note the child's fluid intake. Providing drinking enough fluids is very much ORS to help sufferers, especially to stabilize the electrolyte body and lowers the risk of exacerbations. In essence, patients still watch fluid intake.


Typically begins with symptoms like fever, cough, runny nose, feeling cold (shivering), muscle aches, headaches, and fatigue. In contrast to the diarrhea, the flu can be transmitted via droplets from coughs or sneezes of people who suffer from the flu, and contact with surfaces contaminated with influenza virus. Do not be too often touched his mouth and nose regions at that season!

Yet this virus can also be inactivated by sunlight, soaps and disinfectants, so that still could be reduced risk of infection.


The main symptoms of diarrhea, with others such as Chapter accompanied by additional mucus or blood and is usually accompanied by fever. Dysentery can be caused by infection with Shigella bacteria, E. coli, Salmonella and Campylobacter jejuni. Also on toddlers can also be caused protozoan parasites such as Entamoeba infection hystolitica.

In the transition season, dysentery easily transmitted through food / drink contaminated. This disease can cause complications, so doctors need to get treatment as soon as possible


Cough is basically a foreign object out of the body mechanism in the upper respiratory tract. One of them, may be caused by the flu or a respiratory infection that causes mucus or inflammation of the respiratory tract.

In the transition season, where the flu virus and germs that cause many breed ARI, cough was getting into. Handle it, needs to be done before establishing the diagnosis of the cause or etiology, then the treatment can be given in accordance with the illness.

Typhus and Paratifus

Salmonella typhosa is that many are in the stagnant dirty water or soil, can migrate into food and beverages and enter into the digestive tract. These germs then cause inflammation of the intestine, causing symptoms of high fever, chills, weakness / fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite and sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting.

Necessary laboratory examination to confirm the diagnosis. If positive, you should immediately take it to the doctor to get proper treatment so that no complications occur and fatal disease.

Dengue Fever

In the transition season, dengue fever could become epidemic again. Generally in DHF endemic pockets, so there is certainly still reproduce aegipty aedes mosquitoes.

In early infection, a person suffering dengue fever will experience with headache, abdominal pain, and joint pain similar to flu symptoms. But when it took a few days, the condition of the patient's body is usually weaker. Spontaneous bleeding may occur in the skin of red spots (called petekhie), nosebleeds, bleeding gums and other.

On day 3 of fever, doctors generally will conduct laboratory examinations to diagnose the patient. DHF patients require a lot of fluid intake to prevent shock and deterioration that can come rapidly. We recommend that when suffering from symptoms such as sudden high fever, accompanied by headache, abdominal pain and does not respond well to heat-lowering drugs, should immediately consult a doctor to get treatment since early. And do not forget to always drink a lot.

Hepatitis A

In the transition season, you also need to be wary of hepatitis A. This virus can be spread through food and beverages and infect the liver.

The disease is characterized by nausea, vomiting continuously, weak / tired, and fever and can attack all ages. In advanced stages, the symptoms of hepatitis A can also be followed by the entire skin, and sclera eye yellow. When you find symptoms of fever accompanied by the whites of the eye ball is yellow, the patient should see a doctor immediately.

Prevent the Sweet!

Though as unpredictable, a disease in transition season could still be prevented, you know! Here are some how.

1. Immunization

Prevent some diseases that may appear in the season since the transition by giving the vaccine early. Among other things, the vaccine for typhoid fever, hepatitis A, measles vaccine, and so forth.

2. Nutritious Eating

Consumption of a complete and balanced nutritional food especially high protein content, vitamin A, vitamin C as antioxidants and minerals, especially zinc (zinc), so that the body has sufficient defense.

3. Environmental Conservation

Break the chain of disease by keeping the environment clean. And, to avoid the children from a potentially infectious disease, such as hospitals.

4. Do Good Habits

Do with family habits like washing hands every time they eat and when traveling, because it proved able to reduce infant mortality, diarrhea and the risk of bird flu.


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